Oral Pathology and Radiology

Misconceptions in the Cleft Lip and Palate Community

Misconceptions in the Cleft Lip and Palate Community

Cleft lip (CL) and cleft palate (CP) are congenital deformities caused by unusual embryonic facial development during intrauterine life [1,2]. This medical condition is not a significant cause of mortality in developed countries; however, it does cause considerable...

The Link Between Tobacco, Alcohol, and Oral Cancer

The Link Between Tobacco, Alcohol, and Oral Cancer

Oral cancer is a significant public health problem worldwide, ranking as the 6th most common cancer with a 5-year survival rate of 50% [1]. It accounts for roughly 3% of all cancers diagnosed annually in the United States. On average, 90% of these cases are oral...

When to See a Dermatologist for Lichen Planus

When to See a Dermatologist for Lichen Planus

Lichen planus (LP) is an immune-mediated disease with an unknown etiology. Its clinical presentation waxes and wanes, and its severity goes from symptomatic oral erosions with erythema to asymptomatic white striations. In the oral cavity, the locations of these...

Common Viruses of the Mouth: Herpes Simplex Viruses 1 and 2

Common Viruses of the Mouth: Herpes Simplex Viruses 1 and 2

Common viruses that can be present in the oral cavity are Herpes Simplex 1 and 2. Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 (HSV-1) is spread predominantly through infected saliva or active perioral lesions. HSV-1 is adapted best and performs more efficiently in the oral, facial,...

Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Silent Killer

Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Silent Killer

Squamous Cell Carcinoma is a deadly malignancy disease that primarily affects the oral cavity tissue and accounts for more than 90% of all oral malignancies [1]. OSCC dramatically affects patients’ quality of life, resulting in high morbidity and mortality rates. The...

A Closer Look at MRONJ: Medications, Risks, and Dental Management

A Closer Look at MRONJ: Medications, Risks, and Dental Management

Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) occurs when there is damage to the bone that interrupts the nutrient supply or because of a medical condition that reduces bone health (Sedghizadeh, 2009). When the ONJ is associated with medications, it will be referred to as...

HPV Uncovered: Vaccination, Oral Lesions, and Comprehensive Care

HPV Uncovered: Vaccination, Oral Lesions, and Comprehensive Care

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is an infectious disease that can cause lesions in the genital and oropharyngeal areas. It is considered the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States. Besides being spread horizontally between individuals,...

White Oral Lesions That Need Your Attention

White Oral Lesions That Need Your Attention

White lesions, also known as "white patches," in the oral cavity refer to abnormal areas of the oral mucosa that have a white or whitish appearance. They may present as patches or plaques on the soft tissues inside the mouth. White lesions can arise from various...

Why is a Tongue Evaluation Important?

Why is a Tongue Evaluation Important?

Your mouth is one of your body’s most important warning systems. Tongue lesions may indicate a local disease process or an overall systemic issue. Approximately 15.5 percent of US adults present with tongue lesions according to the National Health and Nutrition...

Neurological Consequences of COVID-19

Neurological Consequences of COVID-19

The knowledge and understanding of COVID-19 and its consequences is progressing, giving better insight into the heterogeneous nature of its acute and long-term effects. The available evidence on the pulmonary, cardiovascular, neurological, hematological, multisystem...

Clinical Features, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Erythema Multiforme

Clinical Features, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Erythema Multiforme

Erythema multiforme (EM): First described in 1866 by Ferdinand von Hebra as an acute, self-limited cutaneous disease characterized by multiform skin lesions, now called EM minor [1]. In 1950, Bernard A. Thomas classified EM into erythema multiforme minor (von Hebra)...

How to Perform an Oral Cyst Aspiration and Cytologic Smear

How to Perform an Oral Cyst Aspiration and Cytologic Smear

Cyst Aspiration A cyst is a membranous sac or cavity of abnormal character containing fluid. Indications for an Oral Cyst Aspiration For a jaw bone cyst lesion or any large soft tissue oral mucogingival cyst, aspirate the cyst aspiration.  To help diagnosis of...

How to Perform an Agar Slant Culture Test for Fungal Infections

How to Perform an Agar Slant Culture Test for Fungal Infections

The Sabouraud Agar Slant Culture test is used when fungal overgrowth of the oral tissues is suspected, and is used to confirm the diagnosis of a fungal infection.  Other adjunctive methods for the diagnosis of oral candidiasis include exfoliative cytology using...

Oral Pathology of Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Syphilis

Oral Pathology of Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Syphilis

Syphilis is actually on the rise, and there is a slight increase in the number of incidents of syphilis recently. California is the second most frequent location in the United States behind New York. Don't have time to read this article? We get it. Download the...

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Pictures of the Oral Cavity

Squamous Cell Carcinoma Pictures of the Oral Cavity

In our previous two articles, Oral pathology of Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, and Oral Pathology of Oral Pharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma and HPV, we looked at histological images, discussed biological profiles, trends, survival rates, and...

Oral Pathology of Oral Pharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma & HPV

Oral Pathology of Oral Pharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma & HPV

OPSCC in HPV Positive vs. HPV Negative Patients You have oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma that is still related to smoking and drinking. Because there is less male smoking and more female smoking it is evening out the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma in the...

Oral Pathology of Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Oral Pathology of Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In contrast to Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma with Stromal Eosinophilia, these lesions are squamous cell carcinomas of the tongue. They can look similar, but squamous cell carcinomas are a bit more involved. Don't have time to read this article? We get it. Download...

Oral Pathology of Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma and TUGSE

Oral Pathology of Traumatic Ulcerative Granuloma and TUGSE

In this article we'll review pictures from a patient that had a dental procedure and then a few days later noticed concerning ulcerations on their lip resulting from post-operative trauma. Don't have time to read this article? We get it. Download the Diagnosing...

Oral Pathology of Aphthous Stomatitis and Crohn’s Disease

Oral Pathology of Aphthous Stomatitis and Crohn’s Disease

Sometimes patients will present with recurrent ulcerations of the oral cavity, and the frequency and severity are alarming. When this occurs you have to start thinking of factors that might cause these alterations. Don't have time to read this article? We get it....

Aphthous Stomatitis: Treatment, Diagnosis, and Clinical Pictures

Aphthous Stomatitis: Treatment, Diagnosis, and Clinical Pictures

In this blog, we will teach you how to diagnose and treat Aphthous Stomatitis and its' three main subtypes: minor, major, and herpetiform aphthae. Don't have time to read this article? We get it. Download the Diagnosing Vesicular Ulcerative Conditions checklist to get...

Oral Pathology of Secondary (Recurrent) Herpetic Eruptions

Oral Pathology of Secondary (Recurrent) Herpetic Eruptions

This can be understood as the migration of virus from ganglion to surface along the course of sensory nerves. Upon reaching the surface the herpes virus infects epithelial cells and reproduces. Secondary or recurrent herpes is something that most of us are familiar...

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